Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs)
The PMAs are federal agencies within DOE. Four federal PMAs operate electric systems and sell the electrical output of federally owned and operated hydroelectric dams in 34 states. The PMAs have over 5,000 miles of fiber deployed among their transmission lines and have explored the feasibility of leasing dark fiber to the private sector for broadband deployment.
Southwestern Power Administration (SWPA)
SWPA markets hydroelectric power in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas from 24 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers multipurpose dams. SWPA operates and maintains 1,380 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and a communications system that includes microwave, VHF radio, and state-of-the art fiber optics.
Bonneville Power Administration (BPA)
The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is a non-profit federal power marketing administration based in the Pacific Northwest. BPA’s service territory includes Idaho, Oregon, Washington, western Montana and small parts of eastern Montana, California, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming. Although BPA is part of DOE, it is self-funding and covers its costs by selling its products and services. BPA markets wholesale electrical power from 31 federal hydroelectric projects in the Northwest, one nonfederal nuclear plant, and several small nonfederal plants. BPA provides about 27% of the electric power generated in the Northwest. BPA leases commercial dark fiber where there is additional capacity beyond BPA’s operational requirements on BPA’s fiber network. BPA is authorized to keep any revenues earned from these lease to help maintain its facilities.
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